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LapSimulation / Configuring

Configuring the vehicle simulation


All the simulation configuration is within the single “Simulation options” menu. Note that all the options set for the simulation are:

  • Persistent, that is they are kept after the analysis program is shut down and restarted
  • They are not stored with the car options, although it is possible to base the simulation on parameters set in the car options
  • They are not stored in the raf files
  • They are physically stored with the other analysis options, this file called “analysis.cfg” is stored in the applications data directory. The exact location of this depends on the configuration of the PC and which operating system is in use.

To open "Simulation Setup" window go to Data > Edit default simulation options.


Acceleration options



There are 3 different methods that can be used to allow the computer to work out how quickly the vehicle can accelerate:

Note that whatever information is entered in the acceleration options, the absolute maximum rate that the vehicle can acceleration is also limited by the data that is entered in the Braking options.

For example, if for the acceleration options entered the computer calculates that the vehicle could accelerate at 1.35g at a speed of 20kph, but at 20kph the maximum braking force is 1.2g, then the acceleration would be estimated as 1.2g and that this was limited by traction rather than engine performance.


1. Enter a table of acceleration that varies with speed.

This is the simplest method available for estimating the maximum rate of acceleration. This simply consists of an acceleration that the vehicle can achieve as a function of speed. For example at low speeds high rate of acceleration are possible, as the speed increases the maximum rate of acceleration reduces, until at the vehicles maximum speed no acceleration is possible.

The rates of acceleration are entered into the table, and are also shown on the graph. To edit a value in a cell, you left click on it. To copy or paste the whole table to or from excel you can right click on the table.


2. Enter a single power figure for the car, this is entered in kW

This mode requires more information to be entered about the car, but is generally a little more accurate – but most importantly allows the user to test the effect on lap times of increasing the vehicles power, albeit in a very simple way.

To use this mode the user must enter 3 parameters onto the form:

  1. the vehicles CdA, that is the measure of aerodynamic drag the car has when moving though the air
  2. the vehicles Rolling resistance, that is the force required to overcome the friction of the tyres on the road or track
  3. finally the vehicles weight

Of these parameters, the vehicles weight is generally known, or can be found in the cars technical data. In the case of the weight, this is the weight as it is raced, and should include an allowance for the driver and fuel etc.

The other 2 parameters, CdA and Rolling resistance can be found in a number of ways:

  1. they can be measured for the car using a “coast down test”, this is described here
  2. you can look up the vehicle or a similar vehicle in our database here
  3. search the internet, in case the information has been published elsewhere.

Once this information has been entered then the computer knows everything that is required to calculate how quickly the car can accelerate at any speed. Using this mode it’s very simple to see the effect on lap times of increased power output.


3. Enter a power curve for the car

This is the most accurate and comprehensive simulation mode, but it also requires the most information to be entered about the car.

It requires the following information to be known:

  1. the vehicles CdA, that is the measure of aerodynamic drag the car has when moving though the air
  2. the vehicles Rolling resistance, that is the force required to overcome the friction of the tyres on the road or track
  3. finally the vehicles weight

This is exactly the same as for the “single power” case (2nd option) and is described above. In addition this mode requires:

  • the power output of the car to be entered as a function of RPM, typically this data is either available from manufacturers data or from a rolling road test
  • The gear ratio of each of the gears, this is available from the manufacturers data
  • The ratio of the differential or final drive, again this is available from the manufacturers data
  • The rolling circumference of the tyre, this is simple to work out using one of the on-line calculators if required
  • The absolute maximum RPM of the engine, note that the simulation works out at what RPM to shift at for best performance – this option doesn’t get used for the RPM to shift, only the maximum RPM that is allowed to shift.
  • The minimum RPM for the engine. This is not particularly important for most race situations, however it is used when the car pulls away from a standing start.
  • Finally the estimated time for a gear change, this can normally be easily measured from some old race data.

Given all this information, the computer can generate more accurate estimate for acceleration times of the vehicle out of the corners and simulate the engines RPM and what gear is recommended at any particular point.

Note that when reviewing simulated RPM and gear information, they are only given when the vehicle is accelerating. During braking “0” is shown.


Braking options

There are 2 options for specifying how rapidly the vehicle can brake, or decelerate:

1. Enter a single figure for braking grip

The first option is the simplest, in this case the user simply gives a fixed level of grip that is valid at all speeds. This is a good approximation for cars without significant aerodynamic aids (wings and large splitters etc). For a typical road saloon car with road tyres this figure is “about 1g”, for a race car with slicks and no significant down force this is “about 1.3g”. By looking at old race data then more accurate estimations can be made, however these figures give a good starting point.

2. Enter a table of values for braking grip as a function of speed

Using this mode of braking simulation, it is possible to have the maximum grip vary with speed. This is essential for simulating cars with large wings or splitters that generate more down force at high speeds. With such aids the vehicle is “pushed down” onto the track at high speeds which increases the grip and makes harder braking possible.

To manually edit a value in a cell, you left click on it. To copy or paste the whole table to or from excel you can right click on the table.


Cornering options

There are 2 options for specifying how rapidly the vehicle can take corners:

1. Enter a single figure for braking grip


2. Enter a table of values for cornering grip as a function of speed

Page last modified on January 10, 2019, at 04:39 PM